Belonging to the Cimicidae family of “true bugs” known as Germicidal, bed bugs are nocturnal and parasitic insects that are 5-7 mm in size, are reddish brown in color, oval-shaped, flat and hard bodied. Bed bug infestations are becoming an escalating public safety concern all around the world, possibly caused by increased resistance to insecticides. bed bugs feed exclusively on blood and make bedbug bites on your skin. In large numbers, they can attack a human being several hundred times within a single night and can suck blood up to three times its body weight.
bed bugs are extremely hard to detect and usually creep through the tiniest cracks such as little openings in furniture and bed frames. They are highly adaptable insects that can survive without blood for up to a year, therefore they can stay in the same spot for an extended period of time without being detected, usually coming out in the darkness. bed bugs pierce the skin of their hosts by using their beak and then injecting their saliva. Like mosquitoes, their saliva contains an anticoagulant (to prevent coagulation of the blood) and an anesthetic agent, preventing the victim from feeling their bites. Consequently, humans do not even realize they have bedbug bites until the following day and not during their sleep.
Oftentimes, bedbug bites are mistaken for common household insect bites, such as those caused by fleas, ants, mosquitoes or lice, which all happen to be parasitic blood-sucking creatures themselves since they can look very similar at a glance. However, bedbug bites can be easily recognized if the tell tale signs are noticed. Since bed bugs tend to feed at the same location numerous times, the small, flat or raised welts on the skin appear in a linear or clustered pattern, turning red and becoming itchy. Caution: scratching can lead to infection. Another tell tale sign is if you get bitten every night when you go to sleep and develop similar clusters of welts every day. Even some doctors can misdiagnose bedbug bites as some other skin issue entirely due to the fact that people react to them differently. The symptoms just are not enough to tell what made the bite.
There is no common area that a bedbug will bite, any exposed skin area can become a target spot. While some people do not have any reaction to bedbug bites, others who are sensitive to bites can develop a bedbug rash that becomes itchy to the extreme. Typically, a bedbug rash will show up a few hours after being bitten, but sometimes it will not appear for a few days to a week. For the most part, a bedbug rash will last for two to three days then slowly fade away, but some cases require medical intervention to completely clear up the rash.
For most people, bedbug bites are just considered a nuisance, but serious infestations and chronic attacks may well lead to anxiety, stress or insomnia. The only real remedy to infestations is to call a bedbug exterminator.
About the only possible good thing about bedbug bites is that they are not known to spread disease.