It is important to eliminate mosquitoes because their biting activity will often significantly interfere with outdoor activities and transmit diseases to people and pets. In order to learn how to get rid of mosquitoes with long term effects, you must learn how to identify the specific species and learn about the behavior and breeding habits of that species, locate breeding sites, and use appropriate chemical controls for your situation.
All types of mosquitoes need one important factor to complete their life cycles – water. By eliminating the source, you can greatly reduce the population of mosquitoes in a specific area. Typically mosquitoes can breed anywhere water can collect with some limitations. Ponds and lakes which contain fish and are free of weeds, algae and debris are not major breeding zones. Look for stagnant water in and around your backyard, such as empty containers and old tires that can collect rainwater. Rainwater barrels and containers should be screened to keep out mosquitoes. Decorative ponds should be treated, water in bird baths should be flushed twice a week, excess water from flower pots should be dumped, and tree holes should be filled. Keep rain gutters free of debris that would keep water from draining, store wheel barrels and yard equipment out of the weather, and cover or drain wading pools. Find the source: This first step is probably the most important step you can take when learning how to get rid of mosquitoes.
Now that you have your outdoor space under control, how do you keep the mosquitoes from crossing your property line from other yards? Some species only fly short distances, so this may not be a problem. Other species can fly several miles from their breeding location. In this case it may be necessary to make mosquito prevention a community wide effort to get the best results.
Once you have removed the sources it is time to learn how to get rid of mosquitoes in the yard that will still inevitably survive. The use of DEET containing insect repellents is highly effective, however, has to be used carefully and not recommended for use on children and pregnant women. There are a variety of sprays, lotions, and creams, candles, fans and appliances that can be used effectively and are less harmful to your skin and the environment. Most have found that chemical control is a more expensive but effective route to reducing the population.